“The 13th of Aban reminds us of the bravery, heroism and self-sacrifice of our youth and students and represents a number of occasions,” part of the statement read.
“One of the occasions that the 13th of Aban represents is the day when our late Imam Khomeieni was forced into exile in 1343 [November 4, 1964]. Because the Imam had demanded a national right a few days before in a speech delivered in Qom, which was immediately distributed throughout the country on audio tape and in writing. That national right was the annulling of the oppressive legal immunity granted to American soldiers called Capitulation,” it said.
“Another thing which is represented by the 13th of Aban is what happened to students in the year 1357. Fourteen years after Imam Khomeini's resonant yell, our youth, adolescents and high school students entered the arena in the year 1357 and laid down their lives. The 13th of Aban is the day when students were massacred in the streets of Tehran”.
The statement further said, “The capture of the den of espionage is another thing that the 13th of Aban represents. On the occasion of the anniversary of Imam Khomeini's exile and the massacre of students, once again our youth entered the arena in the year 1358 and did something that astonished the world and brought America to its knees”.
It added that the day the den of spies was captured, the American government was several times more formidable and prestigious than today, noting that America has lost its prestige in the world today as there is a decline in the US standing as a superpower.
On November 4, 1979, and in less than a year after the victory of the Islamic Revolution that toppled a US-backed monarchy, Iranian university students that called themselves "students following the line of (the late) Imam (Khomeini)" seized the US embassy in Tehran, which had become a center of espionage and planning to overthrow the newly established Islamic system in Iran.
The students who seized the embassy later published documents proving that the compound was indeed engaged in plans and measures to overthrow the Islamic Republic.
Every year on the 13th day of the Iranian month of Aban (which this year falls on November 3), the Iranian nation, particularly the students, hold rallies across the country to mark the day.